Romantic Landscape park
Beautiful surroundings of the Amata river
In the 18th-century landscape, gardening traditions were brought from England to the Russian Empire’s provinces in the Baltics; the English style became especially popular during the reign of Catherine II. The central concept of romantic landscape parks is to avoid crippling the beauty of nature. Hiking trails were winding naturally along rivers and through forests or ravines as if they were there for hundreds of years. Fallen trees were to stay and gradually become covered in moss. Even if landscaping activities were performed, such actions were designed to retain the wild beauty of nature. Creation of beautiful observation points and romantic spots was allowed, but the landscape park was meant to highlight the uniqueness and variety of species.
Creation of the landscape park at Kārļamuiža (Manor Karlsruhe)
Beautiful surroundings of the vivid Amata river bank became a popular destination at the end of the 18th century. Nature provided the unique conditions on the banks of the river Amata, near Kārļamuiža, to create a beautiful Landscape Park. The area is blessed with impressive sandstone and dolomite cliffs, breath-taking views s, bubbling streams, a choir of various birds and primaeval ravines.
The area is so much in line with the Enlightenment-era notion of parks or gardens, and at the end of the 18th century, an open planning Landscape Park was created in Kārļamuiža according to the fashion requirements of its time.
The Ainavu Precipice (Ainavu krauja) is the most significant natural object of the park. It is located on the bank of the river Amata, approximately 1 km from Kārļamuiža, opposite the Karli fish hatchery (formerly the Kārļamuiža watermill), and between the houses “Ainavas” and “Klintslejas”. The Ainavu precipice is 45m highland the 500m long river bank precipice reveals three rock formations: Bizene rock, Ainavu rock and Ergli cliffs. These are some of the tallest rock formations in the Baltic States, and the Ainavu precipice is a state-protected geological monument. The precipice provides a stunning view on the ancient valley of the river Amata. The Amata hiking trail extends above the Ainavu precipice along the right bank of the river Amata.